Michigan State Senate

Senate Fiscal Agency

Includes bill number, next action, highlight sheet, and decision document. Director's cut. SFA Bill Analysis of Senate bills. SFA Bill Analysis of House bills.
Budget Development Time Frame - Fiscal Year 2014-15  
Month/Year (click for details) Action Taken
May 2013 Department of Technology, Management, and Budget (DTMB - Executive Branch) Develop Program Policy Guidelines
June 2013 Guidelines Sent to Departments to Draft their Budgetary Requests
September 2013 Departments - Return Budget Requests to DTMB
October and November 2013 Departments - Meet with Governor's Budget Officials
December 2013 Governor's Decisions Made
January 2014 Governor's Recommendation Prepared for Submission to Legislature, Governor's State-of-the-State and Budget Message Prepared; Consensus Revenue Estimating Conference Meets
February 2014 Budget Documents Delivered to Legislature - Legislative Action Begins
March - May 2014 Legislative Action - Subcommittee & Committee Hearings, Floor Votes
May 2014 Consensus Revenue Estimating Conference Meets; Budget Targets are Set; Conference Committees Meet
June 2014 Governor Signs (or Vetoes) Bills - May Include Line-item Vetoes
October 1, 2014 Fiscal Year 2014-15 Begins
October 1, 2014 - September 30, 2015 Possible Supplementals and Transfers
September 30, 2015 Fiscal Year 2014-15 Ends
January 2016 Preliminary Book Closings - FY 2014-15
March 2016 Final Book Closings - FY 2014-15
Budget Development Time Frame - Details
Month/Year Action Taken
May 2013 The Department of Technology, Management, and Budget (DTMB) begins the process to develop the FY 2014-15 State budget by preparing program guidelines and directions for State departments. The guidelines and directions will include assumptions regarding revenue changes, Federal funds, and economic adjustments. The guidelines also will include instructions for the preparation of different expenditure alternatives based on several different assumed levels of appropriations for each department. 
June 2013 The DTMB transmits the program guidelines and directions to each State department with detailed instructions as to how to complete the documents. 
September 2013 The State departments return their budget requests to the DTMB based on the guidelines and directions received from the DTMB. 
October and November 2013 The State departments meet with the Governor and the DTMB to discuss their individual budget requests. At this stage the rough parameters of the Governor's budget recommendations begin to develop.
December 2013 The Governor and the DTMB begin to prepare the FY 2014-15 budget recommendations. At this point the Governor is using a revenue estimate prepared by the State Treasurer to set the amount of revenue available to fund appropriations.
January 2014 The Senate Fiscal Agency, House Fiscal Agency, and State Treasurer meet to develop consensus estimates of FY 2014-15 State revenues. This consensus revenue estimate will be used as the basis for the Governor's formal budget recommendation to the Legislature. 
February 2014 The Governor formally transmits his FY 2014-15 budget recommendation to the Legislature. The recommendation is traditionally delivered to the Legislature at a joint meeting of the Senate and House Appropriations Committees by the Director of the DTMB.  The Governor's formal budget recommendation to the Legislature includes a series of appropriation bills to implement the spending recommendations, revenue bills to implement any tax changes proposed by the Governor, and a series of other bills that are necessary to implement the complete budget recommendation.
The Governor's recommended appropriation bills then are introduced in the Senate and the House of Representatives by members of the Appropriations Committees. Based on historical tradition, the annual appropriation bills are divided between the Senate and the House of Representatives. Upon introduction the Governor's recommended appropriation bills are referred to the Appropriations Committees and are then referred to the appropriate appropriation subcommittees by the Chairpersons of the Appropriations Committees. 
March - May 2014 The Senate and the House of Representatives debate the Governor's FY 2014-15 budget recommendation. The Appropriations Committees subcommittees take extensive testimony on the budget recommendations and develop alternatives or amendments to the Governor's budget recommendations.
These subcommittee recommendations are reported out of the subcommittees to the full Senate or House Appropriations Committee.  The subcommittee recommendations then are debated in the full Appropriations Committee and passed on to the full membership of the Senate or the House of Representatives for final action. Once the appropriation bills pass the House or the Senate, the bills then go through a similar hearing and debating process in the opposite chamber. At the same time that the appropriation bills are being considered by the Legislature, other revenue or statutory bills that are part of the overall budget are also being debated and approved by the Legislature. 
May 2014 The Consensus Revenue Estimating Conference meets to debate and agree upon
updated estimates of FY 2014-15 revenues. This revised consensus revenue estimate is then used to make final legislative adjustments on the budget pending before the Legislature. Upon completion of the revised consensus revenue estimate, legislative leadership meets with the Director of the DTMB in an attempt to establish final spending targets for each State department. These meetings are referred to as budget target meetings. 
The participants in the budget target meetings will attempt to develop final appropriation targets for each State department. These final spending targets are developed using the latest consensus revenue estimates. The participants in the budget target meetings also will discuss and attempt to reach agreements on other overall budget issues including boilerplate issues, revenue bills, and other statutory changes to be included in the final budget. Upon reaching agreements on the final spending targets, legislative leadership informs the Legislature of these spending targets and final conference committee action on the appropriation bills begins.
The conference committees are expected to ensure that the final level of appropriations in the conference reports is equal to the appropriation targets established by legislative leadership. This process helps ensure that the enacted appropriation bills do not exceed the consensus estimate of available revenues.
June 2014 The conference committees complete action on the appropriation bills and the Legislature approves the bills and sends them on to the Governor. Upon receiving the appropriation bills, the Governor has 14 days to sign the bills into law or to approve the bills with line-item vetoes.
October 1, 2014 Fiscal Year 2014-15 Begins
October 1, 2014 - September 30, 2015 Throughout the fiscal year time period, the Governor can propose to the Legislature adjustments in the enacted FY 2014-15 appropriations. These adjustments can take the form of supplemental appropriation requests or appropriation transfer requests. Supplemental appropriations add additional appropriations to the level of appropriations contained in the initial budget. Appropriation transfers move existing appropriations from one appropriation line item to another within a department without increasing the overall level of appropriations. Supplemental appropriations require approval by the entire Legislature and the Governor's signature to be effective. Appropriation transfers require approval by both the Senate and House of Representatives Appropriations Committees to be effective.
September 30, 2015 Fiscal Year 2014-15 Ends
January 2016 Pursuant to statutory requirements the DTMB releases its initial estimates of the actual year-end balances in the General Fund and School Aid Fund. These estimates are contained in a report referred to as the Preliminary Book Closing Report. 
March 2016 The Department of Management and Budget releases the final accounting of FY 2014-15 revenues, expenditures and year-end balances. These data are contained in the State of Michigan Comprehensive Financial Report. 
201 N. Washington Square   -   Suite 800 - The Victor Center   -   P.O. Box 30036   -   Lansing, MI 48909-7536
Phone:  (517) 373-2768   -   FAX:  (517) 373-1986   -   SFAWebmaster@senate.michigan.gov
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